Roald Engelbrecht Gravning Amundsen (1872-1928), Norwegian explorer. Amundsen led the first expedition to reach the South Pole, arriving at the Pole in December 1911, one month before the ill-fated British expedition commanded by Captain Scott. In 1918 he became the first to navigate the Northwest Passage, discovering in the process that the route could never be navigable for large vessels. In 1928 he was killed in the Arctic in a plane crash while searching for the missing Italian aeronaut Umberto Nobile. John Player & Sons cigarette card series Polar Exploration, 1916.